As the coronavirus pandemic numbers improve in some parts of the world, and vaccines are injected into more and more arms, sports is slowly, carefully returning to the days of full stadiums.
Or, sometimes, not so slowly and not so carefully. For many events, the race is on to get as many fans in the stands as possible — and lay claim to the title of biggest event since the pandemic began.
It may not be Roger Maris’s chase for 61 homers or a scrap for the final N.B.A. playoff spot. But a lot of sports seem to want some kind of attendance “record.”
(To be fair, in some cases, these records seem to be of more interest to the news media than to organizers, many of whom may not necessarily have wanted to highlight that they were packing in fans during a public health crisis.)
Here’s a look at some of the claimants, many of whom have already lost their “titles.”
Dec. 27, Cowboys vs. Eagles, Arlington, Texas
The Dallas Cowboys welcome 30,131 fans to AT&T Stadium for their final home game, against the Philadelphia Eagles, to finish 2020 with the biggest N.F.L. crowd of the season. In all, the Cowboys had 197,000 total fans at their eight home games, leading the league. “I see a continued aggressive approach to having fans out there,” the team’s owner, Jerry Jones, said on Dallas sports talk radio. “And that’s not being insensitive to the fact that we got our Covid and outbreak.”
“The evidence overwhelmingly supports that fan attendance at N.F.L. games led to episodic spikes” in Covid-19 cases, researchers found in April.
The Jacksonville Jaguars missed out on the N.F.L. attendance record, ranking second with 127,000 total fans. (They also missed out on the best record in the league by a slightly greater margin, finishing 1-15.)
March 12, India vs. England, Ahmedabad, India
Making Dallas look like a model of cautioun, organizers allow an estimated 67,000 people to watch a cricket match in India, 50 percent of capacity in the huge venue. Two days later, 66,000 turned up for another match. But three more games at the same venue and three later in the month in Pune were played behind closed doors when the cricket board had second thoughts because of rising coronavirus cases. Given the dire coronavirus situation in India, setting a temporary record might have been a terrible idea.
March 25, Collingwood vs. Carlton, Melbourne, Australia
With Australia keeping a tight lid on the virus, the country was ready to expand its attendances from 50 percent of capacity to 75 percent. That meant 75,000 would be permitted to attend this Australian rules football game, surpassing the Indian cricket matches. In the end, though, only 51,000 fans turned up. “Hopes of a world-record stadium attendance for a sporting event since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic were dashed,” Reuters reported.
April 5, Rangers vs. Blue Jays, Arlington
The Rangers, alone among major league teams, decided to sell every seat to their home opener, since the state of Texas had lifted most restrictions. About 38,000 fans arrived at the 40,000-seat stadium, setting a 2021 mark for U.S. attendance, besting the Daytona 500 (roughly 30,000) and the Super Bowl (25,000).
But those events practiced social distancing; Daytona International Speedway seats 100,000, and the Super Bowl site, Raymond James Stadium in Tampa, Fla., can hold as many as 75,000. Rangers fans were cheek by jowl.
April 18, Alabama vs. Alabama, Tuscaloosa
The U.S. record quickly falls as 47,000 show up to watch football. An exhibition spring football game. Roll Tide!
April 24, Kamaru Usman vs. Jorge Masvidal, Jacksonville, Fla.
A crowd of 15,000 arrives for a series of mixed martial arts bouts, and Dana White, the Ultimate Fighting Championship president, declares it the first sold-out indoor event since the pandemic began.
“We’re an open state, and we want to be able to allow people to make decisions for themselves about what they want to attend,” Gov. Ron DeSantis said at a news conference for the event. “Quite frankly, this event is good for Florida.”
“As far as the fans, you wear a mask or do not wear a mask. It’s up to you, it’s your decision,” White said. A quarter or fewer of the fans decided to do so, those at the event reported.
April 25, Collingwood vs. Essendon, Melbourne
Australia gets its elusive record as the attendance cap at the Melbourne Cricket Ground rises to 85,000, and 78,000 turn up for this Anzac Day game.
In nonsports news, New Zealand, which, like its neighbor, had the virus almost under control, had set a record of its own the day before: the largest concert since the pandemic began, as 50,000 grooved to the sounds of Six60 in Auckland.
May 1, Kentucky Derby, Louisville
The U.S. record falls again as 51,000 spectators, about a third of the normal crowd, turn up. In 2020, the stands were empty. “What a difference a year makes,” Gov. Andy Beshear said at the track. Masks were required when not eating, although many ignored the rule.
May 8, Canelo Álvarez vs. Billy Joe Saunders, Arlington
A real record falls, not merely a “since the pandemic” record. More than 73,000 people turn up for this fight, the largest indoor boxing crowd in American history. Yes, indoors. The roof of AT&T Stadium was closed for the event.
“This is the biggest live event in the U.S., post-pandemic,” the promoter Eddie Hearn said. “And boxing is bringing it back. Normally it would be American football or N.B.A. This is boxing. Saturday night, the world will be watching. It’s so encouraging.”
May 30, Indianapolis 500
Most of the records that have organizers so excited are about to be erased. The Indianapolis 500 is expected to have as many as 135,000 fans on Memorial Day weekend, about 40 percent of its capacity. The track says it will require masks and check temperatures at entry.
“Our fans mean everything to us, and we can’t wait to welcome them back home again for this year’s Indy 500,” said the track president, J. Douglas Boles.